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  • 排列五开奖结果:成都的英文导游词

    导游词 时间:2017-09-17 我要投稿

    双色球开奖号码 www.nsjl.net   成都英语导游导游词【一】

      Chengdu is the capital of Sichuan Province and an important industrial, commercial and financial city in southwestern China。

      Located in one if the country's richest agricultural plains,Chengdu has 12,390sq。

      km。

      By rail,Chengdu is 2,048 km from Beijing and slightly over 2 hours by air of Beijing。

      Itcan also be reached by a less than 20 hours train rides with about 250 Km of tunnels。

      Chengdu has direct domestic and interna flights from elsewhere in China,Hong Kong and some neibouring countries。

      With an altitude of 500 meters, it has a temperate climate and abudant rainfall in summer。

      The population of Chengdu is about 9。

      60 million-divided among 8 districts,4 outlyihg cities and 8 counties。

      About 1。

      4 million people reside in the city center。

      chengdu has a history of over 2000 years。

      century BC,the king of Shu moved his capital to this site。

      At first Chengdu Was only a county center。

      The second year it turnek into a metropolis。

      It developed so fast that the city received the name:Chengdu,which literally meant "becoming a capital"。

      During the Western Han Dynasty(206BC~23AD),the brocade weaving and trade brought so much prosperity to the local area that the government set up a special office in the Southwest of the city to manage brocade weaving and trade business 。

      The city became Known as Jincheng (the Brocade City) afterwards。

      Another mane was given to Chengdu duringthe five Dynasties Period(907-960)when Meng Chang (孟昶),emperor of the Later Shu State was in power 。

      The emperor loved hibiscus very much ,and he had those flowers planted atop the city wall。

      The hibiscus in blossom made chengdu colorful for miles around 。

      So Chengdu had another name called Furong Cheng (the Hibiscus City) 。

      Dated back to the Qin and Han Dynasties,Chengdu was alresdy one of the five top industrial du was already one of the five top industrial and commercial cities。

      In theTang Dynasty Chengdu was as prosperous as Yangzhou(扬州),a big city located in the south of China。

      In the Nouthern Song veloped with several huge markets inside the city。

      Chengdu even had night markets and particular centers ,which had exclusive sales of certain commodities。

      Traditionally Chengdu has long been well-known for its many crafts:embroidery,lacquer ware,silver artistry ,pottery,bamboo ware,silk weaving,cade are regarded as one of the top four fine silks in china。

      Near the Du Fu Cottage is a famous embroidery factory where skilled workers stitch out with their meedles silk paintings。

      the elegant designs are perfect to view from both sides of the fabric。

      In some other workshops,artisans at work carve intricate and elaborate objects of ivory and jade ,design precious silver articles,and weave bamboo into useful and beautiful pieces 。

      these workshops are nowadays a part of the tourist circuit as China opens up to the outside world。

      Chengdu was one of the birthplaces of the an-Weng(文翁),head of the prefecture of Shu started centuries saw the cultural development by contribuXiangru(司马相如),Li Bai,Su Shi ( 苏轼)who them and in return their excellent literature works enabled the local culture to advance。

      Chengdu is pleasantly laid out with broad streets and many public parks 。

      Howevey,some older parts of the city still have marrow streets and sculptured wooden houses。

      Chengdu has many places of interests to see 。

      The highlights for visitors are DuFu's Thatched Cottage,the temple of Marquis wu,Dujiang lrrigation Project and Precious Light Monastery。

      Besides,local restaurants serve sichuan cuisine,which is as famous as Cantonese food 。

      Not all of the Sichuan food is spicy-hot 。

      Flower pedals and herbs are used in such specialties as "fired lotus flower","governor's chicken"and "smoked duck with tea fragrance"。

      Chengdu is advancing in all fields 。

      It attracts friends and visitors both at home and abroad。

      成都英语导游导游词【二】

      ladies and gentlemen:

      China has a recorded history of some 3,600 years, beginning with the Shang Dynasty(16th——12th century BC)。

      The first stage is the primitive society。

      The history was much associated with the supposed pre-Xia Dynasty(21th-16th centuy BC)。

      The second major periob lasted from about 2,000 to 200 BC。

      The history dated the beginning of the slave society from the Xia Dynasty, which constituted the first Chinese state。

      The third stage extended all the way from 221BC, when Qin Shihuang united China, to the Opium War of 1840。

      Historical docments name the third period as the Feusal Imperial Rule。

      The feudal society in China passed through a period of disunity beginning at the Three Kingdom Period, and ending in shoet-lived Sui Dynasty(581——618), Western Jin(265——316)via Eastern Jin(317——439) and the Southern and Northern Dynasties(386——589)。

      The following story occurred in the three Kingdom Period。

      At the rnd of the Eastern Han Dynasty(25——220) a gtrat peasant revolt happened。

      Many local officials developed into warlords to assisty the Han Emperor in suppressing the rebellion。

      During this period the watlotds took the opportunity to build uyp their own political and military strengty and made themselves into autonomous regional warlords。

      Finally the warlords carved the Han Empire into three kingdoms of Wei, Shu and Wu。

      The populous episodic novel,The Romance of the Three Kingdoms traces the rise and fall of the three kingdoms and vividly depicts the turbulent social conditions at that time。

      The rulers of the three independent kingdoms struggled for supremacy。

      Cao Cao and his son established the kingdom of Wei at Loyang。

      He was in actual control of only the North China homeland。

      Two rivals soon proclaimed emperors themselves elsewhere。

      The kingdom of Wu with its capital in Nanjing occupied dChangjiang Valley, The kingdom of Shu was created with its capital in Chengdu。

      Ti was in the control of Sichuan and parts ojf the highland of south China。

      Wuhou Temple is much associated with the kingdom of Shu。

      It is the place to commemorate Zhu Geliang, Prime Minister of the kingdom。

      Wuhou was a top official title conferred upon Zhu Geliang after his death。

      It is unfortunate that no historical documents have recorded the time of its establishment。

      However, Du Fu, a top Tang Dynasty poet wrote a poem of kwhich two lines say as below:Where would I find the Prime Minister's shrine?Somewhere outside Jinguan, in a dense cypress glade。

      This poem helps us infer that Zhu Geliang Temple was already in ezistence in the Tang Dynadty。

      During the Tang and Song Dynasties Zhu Geliang and Emperor Liu Bei had their independent temples in Chengdu, At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty the two temples merged into one。

      Towards the end of the Ming Dynasty the merged tempke was destroyed during war chaos。

      The present buildings date from the Qing Dynasty in 1672。

      The main entrance gate hangs a horizontal inscribed board。

      It says, Han Zhaolie Temple。

      Han refers to the kingdom of Shui; zhaolie was Liu Bei's posthumous title。

      The board indicates that the whole temple was built in honor of Liu Bei。

      But why do all the people call it Zhu Geliang Tempke instead of Han Zhaolie Temple? It is due to Zhu Geliang's invaluable historical contribution, and his political and military strategies to the development of the kingdom。

      In the view of the local peopoe his prestige far gan to call it Zhu Grliang Temple regardless of the emperor's dignity and the temple's original name。

      Gtadually more and more people accepted the new name of the temple through common practiceThe temple compound consists of five mainbuildings: the Front Gate, the Second Gate, Kiu Bei's Hall, Zhu Geliang's Hall and Liu Bei's Tomb。

      The buildings are all located aling an imaginative axis line in a regular shape。

      Six huge stone tablets are flanked in the yard between the front and the second gates。

      Four of them were of the 导游证考试Qing Dynasty, one of the Ming and one opf the Tang。

      The tablets of the Qing state the storise about the reestablishment of the temple; the one of the Ming describes the development of the temple。

      The one of the Tang is far more famous than the other five。

      It was set up soon after Wu Yuanhen, a local top military commander in west Sichuan and his 27assistants worshiped Zhu Grliang in the temple in 809 during the Tang Dynasty。

      Pei Du,who served as a prime minister for his three Tang emperors ijn different times, composed an rssay associated with the worship。

      In the essay he eulogized Zhu Geliang for his great contribution to and his spare-no-efforts in unifying the whole China and the development of Sichuan, Liu Gingchuo, a well-known Tang calligrahist, copied the essay on the tablet according to the pattern of Liu's handwriting。

      The three well-known persons joined hands to perfect the tablet, so later in people called it The Three Perfecdstion Tablet。

      Inside the Second Gate is Liu Bei's hall。

      His statue stands behind the front altar, flanked by his son snd gtandson。

      To the right of the main shrine is a red faced image called Guan Yu; the left is General Zhang Fei, represented with a black face。

      Liu,Guan and Zhang are sworn brothers as prescribed in the novel The Romance of the Three Kingdoms。

      There are two galleries in the yard, which contain terracotta figures of the Qing Dynasty, 28 in all, generals on the right and minisiters on the lelt。

      During the Three Kingdom Period the rulers of the independent kingdoms fought each other for supremacy。

      This period was regarded as a romantic epoch of knightly dering-do。

      The site is just about holy to thousands of Three Kingdom enthusiasts。

      The well-loved figures in the temple are the historical source from which later novels and dramas have captured the imaginations of generations of Chinese readers and audience。

      Behind Liu Bei's hall is the second yard where Zhu Geliang's hall is located。

      Zhu Geliang's hallis obviously lower than Liu Bei's。

      Visitors bave to walk down several steps before they can get into the second yard。

      The disparity in the construction height displays the traditional Chinese hierarchical social system。

      Emperor is the son of Heaven。

      He is superior;and other people are inferior。

      On the top of the entrance gate of Zhu Geliang's hall hangs a horizontal wooden board,which says,Eternal Glory All Over the World (名垂宇宙)。

      Many ancient couplets hang inside the hall, but the most famous one is right in the middle of the hall。

      It says, It means that try to persuade an enemy to stop his attack during a war and the war will then disappear。

      No soldier wants to fight since ancient times。

      Try not to forget to weigh the conditions and situation, ogherwise leniency and strict punishment will all fail。

      Those,who come to manage Sichuan,should think it over again。

      This couplet contains two stories。

      Once as Zhu Geliang was the general commander of the shu Kingdom, he was scheduled to attack the Wei Kingdom in north China。

      However, he was worried that the troops of the minorities might take a chance to harass the Shu Kingdom in southwest China。

      He came to tealize that the good relationship with the minorities was very important。

      So he went the southwestern area with his troops。

      Meng Huo( 孟获),the top leader of the minorities didn't accept Zhu Geliang's good-wish。

      He used his soldiers to fight against the groops from the kingdom。

      Zhu Geliang successfully defeated his attack and caught Meng Huo。

      Instead of punishing him,Zhu Geliang set him free。

      Then Meng Huo launched another attack and he met with the same defeat。

      Zhu Geliang set him a free again。

      On the seventh time after Meng Huo was caught,he prostrated himself before Zhu Geliang saying ghat he and his soldiers had given rp any atrelationship with the Shui Kingdoh。

      From then on the minority people and lf the Shui Kingdon lived in amity。

      The other story tells how Zhu Geliang streng-thened discipline。

      Once Zhu Gelian Launched another military campaign against the Wei Kingdom。

      In order to make the campaign successful Zhu Geliang ordered Ma Shu,his close assistant to garrison the Shu army troops in Jie Ting,a vital strategic place to fight the coming soldiers from the Wei。

      Ma Shu thought of himself highly and placed his troops on the top of a hill near Jie Ting。

      As result,the Wei army soldiers occupied the strategic place。

      Ma Shu and his soldiers were defeated。

      Zhu Geliang had to withdraw his troops back to ghe Shu Kingdom。

      His carefully arranged campaign thus failed。

      Ma Shu had a close relationship with Zhu Geliang due to his hardworking and his contribution to the development shui's army。

      Tears ran down Zhu Geliang's face when he ordered to execute Ma Shu for his error。

      The second yard,dedicated Zhu Geliang, has a bell tower on the right and a drum tower on the left of the entrance。

      A most unusual casting iron incense burner is in the imddle of the path, which leads to the hall。

      Zhu Geliang's statue,accompainied by his son on the right and his grandson on the left, stands in the middle of the hall。

      The statue is 2m high。

      Zhu Geliang is dressed in a golden overcoat with a feather fan in his hand 。

      He looks as if he was still concerned about his kingdom and his local people 。

      On the left side of Zhu Geliang's statue is a bronze drum, a relic dated back to the 5th century。

      Originally ancient minority groups in souhest China often used it as a cooket。

      Later it became a sort of music instrument for some special occasions。

      The two storied displayed Zhu Geliang's flexible tactics in accordance with different occasions。

      More-over,Zhu Geliang used the same method to manage his government and the kingdom for the social stability and economic prosperity

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